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Home | Seminars and Symposia | Past seminars/symposia: Wednesday, April 16, 2008

DTC Science and Technology Innovators Lecture Series

Biometric Recognition: A New Paradigm for Security

by

Anil Jain
Michigan State University

Wednesday, April 16, 2008
4:30 p.m. Reception
5:00 p.m. Seminar

402 Walter Library

Anil Jain flyer

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http://biometrics.cse.msu.edu Can Alice be allowed to enter the country? Is Bob entitled to access this privileged information? Are we administering our service exclusively to the enrolled users? Is Charlie the real owner of this credit card? Every day, a variety of organizations pose questions such as these about the identity of individuals. Identity theft has become a far too easy crime these days and it is estimated that in the United States alone, individuals and businesses have suffered losses to the tune of $56.6 billion due to the problem of identity theft. An emerging technology that is becoming more widespread in tackling identity theft is biometrics — automatic personal recognition based on anatomical or behavioral characteristics such as face fingerprint, voice and signature. Biometrics allows us to confirm or establish an individual's identity based on who he is, rather than by what he possesses (e.g., an ID card) or what he remembers (e.g., a password). Biometric systems also introduce an aspect of user convenience; they alleviate the need for a user to remember multiple passwords associated with different applications or carry multiple ID cards. Biometric systems can provide higher security and minimize financial fraud compared to traditional authenticators. However, a practical biometric system must meet accuracy and speed requirements, satisfy resource constraints, be non-invasive and acceptable to the target population, and demonstrate robustness to various fraudulent methods and attacks. In this talk we will present an overview of biometric recognition, its advantages and limitations, and the challenges in dealing with accuracy, individuality, fusion and security issues.

 

Anil Jain is a University Distinguished Professor in the Department of Computer Science at Michigan State University. His research interests include pattern recognition, computer vision and biometric authentication. He has received Guggenheim, Humboldt, Fulbright and IEEE Computer Society Technical Achievement awards. He is a fellow of ACM and IEEE and served as the Editor-in-Chief of the IEEE Transactions on Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence. He holds six patents in fingerprint matching and is the co-author of following books: Handbook of Biometrics (2007), Handbook of Multibiometrics (2006), Handbook of Face Recognition (2005), Handbook of Fingerprint Recognition (2003) and Algorithms for Clustering Data (1988). He is a member of the Biometrics Defense Support Team and serves on The National Academies committees on Whither Biometrics and Improvised Explosive Devices.