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Home | Seminars and Symposia | Past seminars/symposia: Tuesday, February 5, 2013

DTC Seminar Series

Sparsity-Aware Multi-Source TDOA Localization


Geert Leus
Delft University of Technology

Tuesday, February 5, 2013
3:30 p.m. reception
4:00 p.m. seminar

401/402 Walter Library

LeusThe problem of source localization from time-difference-of-arrival (TDOA) measurements is in general a non-convex and complex problem due to its hyperbolic nature. This problem becomes even more complicated for the case of multi-source localization where TDOAs should be assigned to their respective sources. We simplify this problem to an l1-norm minimization by introducing a novel TDOA fingerprinting and grid design model for a multi-source scenario. Moreover, we propose an innovative trick to enhance the performance of our proposed fingerprinting model in terms of the number of identifiable sources. An interesting by-product of this enhanced model is that under some conditions we can convert the given underdetermined problem to an overdetermined one and efficiently solve it using classical least squares (LS) approaches. Finally, we also tackle the problem of off-grid source localization as a case of grid mismatch. Our extensive simulation results illustrate a good performance for the introduced TDOA fingerprinting paradigm as well as a significant detection gain for the enhanced model.


Geert Leus received the electrical engineering degree and the PhD degree in applied sciences from the Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Belgium, in June 1996 and May 2000, respectively. Currently, Geert Leus is an "Antoni van Leeuwenhoek" Full Professor at the Faculty of Electrical Engineering, Mathematics and Computer Science of the Delft University of Technology, The Netherlands. His research interests are in the area of signal processing for communications. Geert Leus received a 2002 IEEE Signal Processing Society Young Author Best Paper Award and a 2005 IEEE Signal Processing Society Best Paper Award. He is a Fellow of the IEEE. Geert Leus was the Chair of the IEEE Signal Processing for Communications and Networking Technical Committee, and an Associate Editor for the IEEE Transactions on Signal Processing, the IEEE Transactions on Wireless Communications, and the IEEE Signal Processing Letters. Currently, he is a member of the IEEE Sensor Array and Multichannel Technical Committee and serves as the Editor in Chief of the EURASIP Journal on Advances in Signal Processing.