University of Minnesota
University Relations
http://www.umn.edu/urelate
612-624-6868
myU OneStop


Go to unit's home.

Home | Seminars and Symposia | Past seminars/symposia: Monday, March 26, 2007

Mathematical Models for Biological Engineering

by

Yiannis Kaznessis
Department of Chemical Engineering and Materials Science
University of Minnesota

Monday, March 26, 2007
9:30–10:30 am

402 Walter Library

Biological engineering is emerging from biology, as a distinct discipline based on quantification. This quantification of biological phenomena is necessary to rationalize engineering efforts without solely resorting to the traditional description-based paradigm of biological sciences. Mathematical modeling helped chemical engineering in the 1950s to develop its unique, successful identity. In a similar way, mathematical theories that reduce biological knowledge are becoming sine qua non for progress in biological engineering. Although the principles of thermodynamics and kinetics apply to biological systems, these systems differ from industrial-scale chemical systems in a fundamental way: they are far from the thermodynamic limit. This hinders the application of mathematics developed by chemical engineers to model kinetic and thermodynamic processes in living organisms. For example, there are networks of biomolecular interactions (e.g. gene regulatory networks) whose kinetic behavior is key for emerging phenotypes. Models of these interactions are important for rationalizing genetic engineering of DNA sequences that lead to targeted phenotypes. Using deterministic, ordinary differential equations for simulating the reaction kinetics assumes the absence of thermal, stochastic noise in biomolecular systems. This can indeed be distinctly false. We will explore the limitations of traditional mathematical frameworks and we will discuss emerging models that account for the distinct nature of biological organisms. We will detail the multi-scale algorithms we developed to properly capture biological complexity from the molecular to the system level. We will describe how these systems models are being used in synthetic bioengineering of novel gene regulatory networks, such as a bio-logical AND-gate synthetic promoter, designed and characterized in silico, cloned in E.coli and tested in our lab. In this presentation, we will also discuss opportunities for interdisciplinary science efforts at the University of Minnesota and the key role of the Center for Bioinformatics and Computational Biology in these efforts.

 

Yiannis Kaznessis is Assistant Professor in the Department of Chemical Engineering and Materials Science. He is also a member of the Digital Technology Center, a graduate faculty of the Bioinformatics Program, and Program Director for the Bioinformatics Summer Institute. Dr. Kaznessis is interested in the development and employment of structural bioinformatics tools, systems biology models, and statistical mechanics methods.