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November 2, 2015

PapanikolopoulosDTC and Computer Science and Engineering Professor Nikos Papanikolopoulos

A University of Minnesota team led by Prof. Papanikolopoulos has received an NSF CPS grant ("CPS: TTP Option: Synergy: Collaborative Research: Dynamic Methods of Traffic Control that Impact Quality of Life in Smart Cities") which totals $784,000 in its first installment. The total grant amount is $1,2M. Participants include faculty and staff like Tian He, Mihailo Jovanovic, Stephen Guy, John Hourdos, Vassilios Morellas, and Ted Morris. Part of the team is also the SRF Consulting Group Inc. The proposal looks at managing congestion as part of "Smart Cities." Traffic control management strategies have been largely focused on improving vehicular traffic flows on highways and freeways but arterials have not been used properly and pedestrians are mostly ignored. This work proposes to introduce a novel hierarchical adaptive controls paradigm to urban network traffic control that will adapt to changing movement and interaction behaviors from multiple entities (vehicles, public transport modes, bicyclists, and pedestrians). Such a paradigm will leverage several key ideas of cyber-physical systems to rapidly and automatically pin-point and respond to urban arterial congestion thereby improving travel time and reliability for all modes. Safety will also be improved since advanced warnings actuated by the proposed cyber-physical system will alert drivers to congested areas thereby allowing them to avoid these areas, or to adapt their driving habits. Such findings have a tangible effect on the well-being, productivity, and health of the traveling public.

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